Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations Concluded


Twelve countries that make up the Trans-Pacific Partnership concluded negotiations for a free trade deal on Oct 5, 2015 after many years of talks. TPP covers 40% of trade globally, a gross domestic product (GDP) of $28.5 trillion and a market of 800 million people, covering a scope akin to the World Trade Organization (WTO) & NAFTA. Facing steps such as ratification by each country, political and otherwise, it’s unlikely any member country will fail to adopt it.

Little is known on the specifics so far, and in any deal so far reaching, there will be winners and losers.

Various sides are already positioning to endorse or condemn, similar to what occurred during the NAFTA negotiations, but history has proven NAFTA to be a real winner for all.

There is clear potential for Canadian businesses to boost their exports; Canada already exports to TPP members, however the key catalyst will be the reduction of tariffs in member countries.

The details are trickling out:

  1. A likely loser in this agreement will be Canada’s protected Dairy Supply Management System. To offset this, the government has promised a $4.3-billion investment subsidy spread over 15 years to safeguard current dairy, chicken and egg farmer proceeds – consumers will benefit from TPP manifested as lower prices and more variety.
  2. TPP countries in the process will get duty-free access to 3.25% of Canada’s dairy market and 2.1% of its poultry market – not a large portion to give up.
  3. Japan will become an important market as they will immediately eliminate the barrier of 32% duty rates on 90% of their agricultural products.
  4. Canadian beef and pork producers will be happy under TPP as Japan is eliminating its tariffs within 10 years on a wide range of pork products, while the current 50% tariff on beef will be reduced to 9% within 15 years.
  5. Similar to Japan, Vietnam exports will be an opportunity, with a fast track elimination of tariffs of up to 31% on fresh and frozen beef within two years.
  6. Automotive origin rules will change, 45% of a vehicle’s content will originate from Canada to qualify under the TPP, a change from NAFTA requiring 62.5% of a vehicle’s content today.
  7. Canada’s current rate of 6.1% duty on cars will be phased out over 5 years, and the current US 2.5% duty will be phased out over 25 years for TPP originating goods.
  8. Selected sea foods will be instantly duty free, with certain processed sea foods having a 10 year phase out.” 

Important Facts

All 12 Parties have agreed on a single set of rules of origin that define whether a good is ‘originating’ and eligible for TPP preferential tariff benefits.  TPP provides for ‘accumulation,’ meaning inputs from one TPP member are treated the same as materials from other TPP members, if used to produce a product in any TPP Country – anticipate a certificate of origin similar to NAFTA.

Once TPP is ratified it’s thought NAFTA will sunset, however with countries expecting challenges with their own country consent processes we can expect NAFTA to be around for a while yet.

The twelve countries who encompass the TPP are: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam.
Learn more from a BILSI trade expert at (905) 606-2222, or at  &


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